Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.
The European External Action Service (EEAS)assists the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The EEAS is a functionally autonomous body, however, has a legal responsibility to ensure its policies are consistent with other EU bodies. The EEAS plays a crucial role in the fight against piracy off the coast of Somalia and supports the EU’s comprehensive approach the Horn of Africa, and Somalia specifically, through its programs both at sea and on land.
The INTERPOL Maritime Piracy Task Force focuses on three main areas to counter maritime piracy, working closely with the international community: improving evidence collection, facilitating data exchance, and building regional capabilities.
The Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters.
Pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1851 (2008), the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) was established on January 14, 2009 to facilitate the discussion and coordination of actions among states and organizations to suppress piracy off the coast of Somalia. This international forum has brought together more than 60 countries and international organizations, all working towards the prevention of piracy off the Somali coast.
*Note: Upon invitation from CGPCS stakeholders, Cardiff University has taken over the CGPCS website and the CGPCS Archive. To ensure the website continues to be the premier source on counter-piracy, stakeholders are invited to submit relevant documents and news items for publication, as soon as they become available.
The United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa (UNOCA) was officially launched on 2 March 2011 in Libreville, Gabon. It is mandated to assist Member States and Sub-regional organizations in consolidating peace and preventing potential conflicts. Its establishment fulfills a long-expressed desire on the part of countries in the sub-region for the creation of such an office. This has been done through an exchange of letters completed in August 2010 between the United Nations Secretary-General and the Security Council. The United Nations General Assembly approved its budget in December 2010. The mandate of UNOCA, which was initially for two years (to be reviewed after 18 months), was renewed by the Security Council on 21 August 2012 until 28 February 2014.
UNOWA is entrusted with the overall mandate of enhancing the contributions of the UN towards the achievement of peace and security in West Africa. This includes governance, mainstreaming security sector reform into development strategies, defining an integrated sub regional approach to humanitarian, human rights and gender issues, curbing corruption, poverty alleviation, addressing youth unemployment as well as cross-border illicit trafficking and organized crime. These emerging destabilizing issues can be considered as new threats to security.